نوع مقاله : سایر مقالات

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری مدیریت ورزشی ،دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه گیلان، رشت، ایران

2 دانشیار مدیریت ورزشی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی ، دانشگاه گیلان، رشت، ایران

3 دانشیار جامعه شناسی، دانشکده ادبیات و علوم انسانی، ، دانشگاه گیلان، رشت، ایران

10.22044/shm.2022.11403.2411

چکیده

هدف: این پژوهش با هدف فهم پدیدار شناسانۀ نابرابری های جنسیتی در ورزش کشور انجام گرفت و هدف پژوهش این بود که با استفاده از روش تحقیق کیفی و از نوع پدیدار‌شناسی تفسیری یا هرمنوتیک به بررسی موضوع پرداخته شد.

روش‌شناسی: جامعة مورد مطالعه در این پژوهش، شامل 15 ورزشکاران زن است، که دارای تجریه فعالیت ورزشی از دوران کودکی تا سطح حرفه‌ای بودند که با استفاده از نمونه‌گیری هدفمند و با رویکرد نمونه‌گیری همگون و در عین حال با رعایت حداکثر تنوع نمونه‌گیری انتخاب شدند. به همین منظور، نمونه‌های پژوهش از ورزشکاران ملی در رشته‌های مختلف و با تنوع جغرافیایی انتخاب شده، که تمام مسیر یک ورزشکار تا رسیدن به قهرمانی را طی کرده‌ بودند. روش اصلی گردآوری داده‌ها در این پژوهش مصاحبه‌های نیمه ساختار یافته بود و همچنین تجزیه و تحلیل داده‌ها به روش هفت مرحله‌ای کلایزی انجام گرفت و بر مبنای داده‌های گردآوری شده و حذف موارد مشابه و تکراری، 15 کد کلیدی شناسایی و استخراج شد.

یافته‌ها: با تحلیل داده‌ها 4 مضمون اصلی از تجربه زیسته زنان ورزشکار مورد مطالعه درباره نابرابری های جنسی به دست آمد، که شامل فرصت‌های برابر، عدالت توزیعی، حاکمیت، و فرآورده‌های اجتماعی است.

نتیجه گیری: بر اساس یافته‌های پژوهش، با برنامه‌ریزی در جهت رفع موانع موجود، امکان توسعه ورزش بانوان و رشد استعدادها تا سطوح حرفه‌ای فراهم می‌شود و در نهایت مهم‌ترین پیشنهاد این پژوهش، الگوسازی فرهنگی در مورد ورزش بانوان است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

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