شناسایی علل گرایش به تبانی منابع انسانی و راهبردهای مبارزه با آن در ورزش

نوع مقاله : مقاله مستقل

نویسندگان

1 استادیار مدیریت ورزشی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه گیلان، رشت، ایران.

2 استادیار مدیریت ورزشی، دانشکده علوم انسانی، دانشگاه جهرم، جهرم، ایران.

چکیده

هدف: امروزه با توسعه ورزش قهرمانی انحراف‌های متنوعی نیز دامنگیر ورزش شده است که از تبانی به عنوان یکی از این آسیب-ها می‌توان نام برد. هدف این تحقیق شناسایی علل گرایش ورزشکاران و مدیران باشگاه‌ها به تبانی و راهبردهای موثر جهت مبارزه با آن بود.
روش شناسی: روش تحقیق کیفی و داده بنیاد به روش گلیزر بود و نمونه آماری را کارشناسان ورزشی، حقوقی و فرهنگی، ورزشکاران و نیز مدیران تشکیل می‌دانند که 18 نفر به صورت نظری و هدفمند انتخاب شدند. ابزار تحقیق مصاحبه نیمه ساختار یافته بود که داده های بدست آمده در سه سطح باز، محوری و گزینشی تحلیل شدند.
یافته‌ها: نتایج نشان داد که مولفه‌های حقوقی، اقتصادی، فشار، تعصب گرایی، روحیات ورزشکار، نظارت، حرفه‌ای‌گری، اجتماعی و ذات ورزش از عوامل مرتبط با ایجاد تبانی بودند. همچنین راهبردها شامل اصلاح مدیریت مالی، آگاهی‌دهی، شفاف سازی، ساختار سازی و ارتقای اجتماع شناسایی شدند.
نتیجه‌گیری: پیشنهاد می‌‌گردد راهبردها در سه سطح منابع انسانی، باشگاه و جامعه به بهبود ساختارها و حرفه‌ای‌گری مبادرت ورزند تا به هدف نهایی ورزش پاک نایل گردیم.

کلیدواژه‌ها

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