نوع مقاله : پژوهشی کاربردی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری مدیریت ورزشی، دانشکده علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه گیلان، رشت، ایران

2 استاد مدیریت ورزشی، دانشکده علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه گیلان، رشت، ایران

3 استادیار مدیریت ورزشی، دانشکده علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه گیلان، رشت، ایران

10.22044/shm.2022.10841.2358

چکیده

هدف این تحقیق بررسی محیط توسعه استعداد در فوتبال بر اساس مدل ATDE است. این تحقیق، از نظر نوع، توصیفی _ پیمایشی؛ از نظر روش، میدانی و از نظر هدف، کاربردی بود. جامعه آماری تحقیق، کلیه صاحب‌نظران لیگ دسته یک فوتبال، لیگ‌های استانی و تیم‌های پایه (با حداقل 5 سال سابقه) و روش نمونه‌گیری از نوع غیر تصادفی و هدفمند بود. نمونه آماری بر مبنای قاعده اول بارکلای و همکاران (1996) به تعداد 10 برابر شاخص‌های بُعد خانواده که دارای بیشترین شاخص در میان ابعاد مدل اندازه‌گیری بود، معادل حداقل 100 نفر تعیین شد. ابزار تحقیق با استفاده از ابعاد اصلی مدل هنریکسن و همکاران (2010) و گوهررستمی و همکاران (2017) و گویه‌های آن با استفاده از مطالعه کتابخانه‌ای و میدانی طبق طیف پنج ارزشی لیکرت تنظیم شد؛ همچنین روایی سازه به‌وسیله تحلیل عاملی اکتشافی و تأییدی، روایی صوری توسط 16 صاحب‌نظر و پایایی پرسشنامه نیز از طریق ضریب آلفای کرونباخ با مقدار 0/75تأیید شد.

نتایج نشان داد در بین عوامل مؤثر بر محیط توسعه استعدادهای رشته فوتبال عامل رشد استعداد (3/78)، بروز استعداد (3/57) و حمایت از استعداد (3/34) بیشترین اولویت را داشتند. همچنین نتایج تحلیل عاملی تأییدی نشان داد در عامل رشد استعداد، مربیان (0/94)؛ در عامل بروز استعداد، خانواده (0/91) و در عامل حمایت از استعداد، کارشناسان (0/92) بیشترین تأثیر را در تبیین توسعه استعدادهای فوتبال داشتند.

بر اساس یافته‌ها، باشگاه باید جهت فراهم‌سازی بستر‌های موردنیاز برای توسعه استعدادهای فوتبال، تمرکز بیشتری روی عامل رشد استعداد (مرحله دوم فرایند استعدادیابی) نسبت به دو عامل دیگر داشته باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

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